Renewable energy production projects must respond to an “imperative reason of major public interest”, stipulates the bill. This legal status, which does not exempt them from environmental demonstration, strengthens them in the event of a legal dispute.
1 More room for solar
Regarding solar panel installations, “finding space for this equipment is a major issue”, according to the law, which indicates that photovoltaic power plants “may be authorized on wasteland” (sides of highways, polluted soils …)
It even imposes the gradual equipment of outdoor car parks over 2,500 m2, starting with those of more than one hectare, with shadehouses and vegetation. Except in the event of “technical, security, architectural” or economic constraints.
2 Planning offshore wind
On offshore wind, the text wants to organize public debates and certain environmental procedures in parallel. Each facade document would contain the potential areas, before they are refined. A measure that goes in the right direction, welcomed France wind energy (FEE).
3 Discounts for local residents
To facilitate the acceptance of infrastructure, the idea is to share the revenues with local residents and municipalities. Distance and amount remain to be defined, but the ministry evokes a radius of five kilometers and 200 euros per year for a household heated with electricity.
Another measure for local residents, “the power lines are made underground, except to demonstrate” that this is “damaging to the environment, technically excessively complex or financially disproportionate”.
4 We will have to continue with onshore wind turbines
Emmanuel Macron, who himself advocates halving the rate of deployment of onshore wind power so far planned, stressed that it was going to be necessary despite everything. “We will have to do wind power on land,” he said Thursday from the Saint-Nazaire marine park, adding that it would be necessary to “open the game” to focus it less on certain regions. A message of clarification welcomed by the Syndicate of Renewable Energies.
Finally, there is a strong demand for more staff from the State services instructing these subjects. The Minister confirmed their reinforcement, a first for 20 years according to her.