For the most part, Ukrainians spend more than six hours a day on school walls and thus consume more than half of their daily caloric intake during the educational process. This was reported TSN.
The large number of overweight and obese children and adolescents is a national problem, with one in three children having weight problems at the end of primary school.
“This is primarily due to the consumption of large amounts of simple carbohydrates, namely: sugar and white flour products. Therefore, reducing the amount of sugar and bread can be considered as a step aimed at solving or preventing obesity, “says doctor Olena Plahotniuk.
Children have early onset diseases that were previously considered adults, including hypertension and high cholesterol.
Increasing the amount of fruits and nutrients in general, which are rich in nutrients, will expand the diet of schoolchildren.
First of all, the child should eat low-calorie foods with enough fiber, which helps maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases.
Fiber actively stimulates the intestines and cleanses the body. Lots of it in citrus fruits, vegetables (broccoli, pumpkin), berries and legumes.
Insoluble fiber is also important. When ingested, it swells like a sponge and absorbs all harmful substances. It helps lower blood sugar and cholesterol. Regular consumption of insoluble fiber is an excellent prevention of cardiovascular disease. It is found in vegetables, fruit peels, dried fruits and berries.
“With regard to milk and dairy products, sources of calcium, potassium, phosphorus, protein, vitamins A and D, school nutrition can help children fill these nutritional niches. But here there is another problem: what dairy products should be preferred? In my opinion, it should be sour milk products of medium fat. Whole milk, unfortunately, is not recommended for many students due to intolerance, weak immunity and allergic reactions, “says the doctor.
The doctor advises students to increase the consumption of poultry meat, because it is associated with a decrease in overweight, obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.