Read in the material of TSN.ua about the latest development of the Kramatorsk plant of heavy machine tool building – ACS “Bogdan”. The main characteristics, history and cost of a self-propelled art installation.
The Kramatorsk Heavy Machine Tool Plant Publishing House is developing the Ukrainian self-propelled artillery unit 2C22 “Bogdana” with a caliber of 155 mm on the basis of a joint decision with the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. Research and development work under the state defense order has been underway since February 2016. And the first sample was shown on July 14, 2018. During the military parade in honor of the Independence Day of Ukraine (July 24, 2018), all Ukrainians were able to see the latest Ukrainian creation of ACS 2C22 “Bogdan”.
ACS “Bogdan”: the history of creation
Back in early 2009, TASCO Corporation completed the development of a prototype of a Ukrainian self-propelled art installation, which was based on the chassis of the KrAZ-63221. It is interesting that even then a 155-mm NATO howitzer was installed on the ACS. This caliber is standard for field artillery of NATO’s divisional unit, which differs from the 152-mm howitzer, which was considered the standard in the USSR. The first ideas to move away from the Soviet model and move to NATO standards were voiced by the Commander of the RVIA, Major General Vyacheslav Gorbylov in 2017.
On July 14, 2018, the first public mention of the Ukrainian ACS “Bogdan” appears. Then military expert Serhiy Zgurets reportedthat the artillery installation is going to be shown during parade in honor of Independence Day of Ukraine. He also stated the 155-mm caliber. After some time, there was confirmation of the possibility of using the “NATO” standard. After all, the Artem State Joint-Stock Company began to produce such shells.
In July-August 2018, there were doubts whether the new ACS will use a crawler like, for example, the Polish AHS Krab, or still a wheeled chassis as in the Czech ACS “Dana” or the Slovak Zuzana. They were dispelled on August 10, 2018, when military expert Serhiy Zgurets posted the first photo of the installation. On it she was placed on a wheeled chassis.
During the fire tests, the latest HE ER BT active-jet munitions were used, the production of which was started by Artem State Joint-Stock Company. The first sample of the system, which successfully passed all the tests, was made in early October 2019. Of course, it is difficult to say about the cost of Bogdan’s ACS. But before the self-propelled art installation was shown at the Independence Day parade, about 140 million hryvnias had already been spent on it.
Tactical and technical characteristics
- Weight: 28 tons;
- Chassis: KrAZ-63221;
- Service: 5 people;
- Speed of movement: on the highway – 80 km / h, on average terrain – 30 km / h;
- Power reserve: on the route – 800 km, on average terrain – 300 km;
- Barrel: caliber – 155-mm howitzer, length – 52 calibers, angles of elevation – from +5 to +65 degrees;
- Automatic charging: 6 shells;
- Speed of fire: 4-6 shots per minute;
- Ammunition: containers for 20 shells;
- Range of fire: minimum – 780 m, maximum – 40-42 km (high-explosive), 50 km (active-jet).
It was built by the Bogdana ACS on the KrAZ-63221 chassis (6 * 6 wheel formula) and has a paired armored cabin, where you can place the maintenance of the combat vehicle. In addition, it is equipped with an automated guidance system on Siemens SIPLUS and SIMATIC HM controllers, as well as a system of automatic supply of ammunition for 6 shells. At the same time it is possible to control charging, aiming and firing both from a cabin, and outside (in the back part of ACS).
Ukrainian-made barrels are used in the self-propelled artillery installation. They are made of the same alloy as the Ukrainian M120-15 “Hammer” mortars.
ACS has anti-bullet armor protection of the crew from bullets type B-32 caliber (7.62 mm) at a distance of not more than 30 meters and from fragments of similar shells. There is also mine protection. In particular, wheels, an unexploded ordnance, a hand grenade, small explosive devices.
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