In particular, if a doctor or teacher takes a position in the pseudo-organizations of the occupiers and implements the occupation standards of the aggressor state.
The Security Service of Ukraine explained the circumstances under which teachers and doctors may face punishment for collaborative activity in the territories of Ukraine occupied by the Russian invaders.
According to the correspondent of UNIAN, SBU spokesman Artem Dekhtyarenko told about this during online briefing.
In particular, the spokesperson was asked whether the facts that among the teachers in the occupied territories there are collaborators who continue to teach children, and whether there are facts of detention and initiation of criminal proceedings against such teachers in accordance with Article 111-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. In addition, he was asked whether there are such cases when collaborating teachers were sentenced to imprisonment for a term of up to 3 years or community service for a term of up to 2 years.
Dekhtyarenko said that this is an urgent question, which has become even more important after the successful counteroffensive of the Ukrainian security and defense forces in the Kharkiv region.
“Currently, the corresponding changes to the legislation are under consideration in the Verkhovna Rada. They refer to the norms that will determine the level of responsibility of people who were forced to remain in the temporarily occupied territories and work in the sphere of life support. This applies to employees of the pedagogical field, doctors, people who work in utility companies, etc.,” said Dekhtyarenko.
He added that each of these cases will be studied separately. “It is clear that certain spheres of life are protected by international legislation. That is, conditionally, a doctor who fulfills his Hippocratic oath and saves people’s lives is exempt from criminal liability, since there are no signs of collaboration or treason in his actions. At the same time, if this a person agreed to take a leadership position in a pseudo-health care body, then we will take appropriate measures,” Dekhtyarenko said.
Regarding teachers, he noted that punishment for collaborative activity may threaten them in the event of the introduction of Russian educational standards in Ukrainian educational institutions. “As for the employees of the education sector, they need to be more vigilant, because within the framework of the current legislation, in particular, in Article 111, note 1 “collaborative activity”, it is said that if an employee of the education sector will implement the educational standards of the aggressor state in Ukrainian educational institutions or will contribute to the establishment of the occupying power in this temporarily occupied region, then he will be responsible according to the law,” Dekhtyarenko emphasized.
Punishment for collaborative activity in Ukraine
According to the National Police, since the beginning of the large-scale invasion of the Russian Federation into Ukraine, more than 1,400 criminal proceedings have been opened regarding engaging in collaborative activities.
As part of these criminal proceedings, 235 persons were notified of suspicion, 138 indictments have already been submitted to the court.
As reported by UNIAN, on March 3, 2022, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a law on amendments to certain legislative acts (regarding the establishment of criminal liability for collaborative activities) (No. 5144).
In particular, it is about punishment for public denial of armed aggression against Ukraine by a citizen of Ukraineas well as for conducting events of a political nature or carrying out information activities in cooperation with the aggressor state or its occupation administration.
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