The number of atheists among Ukrainians grew 4.25 times – from 4% to 17%.
The number of supporters has increased in Ukraine OCU and atheists.
This is evidenced by the survey results of the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS).
First, the vast majority of respondents continue to identify themselves as Orthodox. Currently, 72% of respondents identify themselves as Orthodox.
Secondly, among Orthodox churches, the Orthodox Church of Ukraine definitely leads. In general, 54% of all respondents identify themselves specifically with the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. Only 4% now identify with the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate. Another 14% consider themselves simply Orthodox, without specifying the patriarchy.
Thirdly, compared to 2021, the share of those who identify with the Orthodox Church of Ukraine has increased from 42% to 54%. Instead, the share of those who identify with the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate decreased from 18% to 4%.
Among other results: after Orthodoxy, the most respondents identified themselves as atheists (10%) and Greek Catholics (8%). Other religions/confessions were mentioned less often.
In all regions, most people identify themselves with Orthodoxy, as well as with the Orthodox Church of Ukraine (from 59% in the center to 42% in the east). 3-6% identify themselves with the UOC-MP, depending on the region (even in the east and south – only 5-6%). At the same time, from west to east, the share of those who consider themselves Orthodox, but do not belong to any patriarchate, increases from 6% to 26%.
It can also be noted that the share of atheists increases from west to east from 4% to 17%.
According to the deputy director of the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology Anton Hrushetskyi, in this survey sociologists studied the self-identification of the respondent. In other words, the respondent can go to another Church (for example, because there are no other options in his locality) or not attend any at all, but in the matter of self-identification make a certain “political” decision (hence the jokes about “atheists of the Kyiv Patriarchate” ).
“We see that although the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (of the Moscow Patriarchate) retains de facto control over the majority of parishes, at the same time, in the minds of Ukrainians, it has suffered significant reputational losses (of course, due to associations with the Russian aggressor). Even recent decisions aimed at reducing the association with Russia , at least now they do not help the UOC-MP to return at least part of the previous commitment. And, most likely, without radical (in the perception of the population) decisions on the “Ukrainization” of the Church, the situation for the UOC-MP will not significantly improve in the near future,” the scientist noted .
Hrushetsky noted that it is also worth considering this issue from a different angle. Since the creation of the OCU, there have been many discussions in society, and to some extent this issue could provoke a certain tension (although to a large extent inspired from the outside).
“Currently, we see, perhaps not the achievement of a consensus, but a significant softening of the difference in the views of Ukrainians and we see greater agreement among the population,” he summarized.
The survey was conducted during July 6-20, 2022 by the method of telephone interviews using a computer (computer–assistedphoneinterviewsCATI) based on a random sample of mobile phone numbers (with random generation of phone numbers and subsequent statistical weighting), 2,000 respondents living in all regions of Ukraine (except Crimea AR) were interviewed.
We will remind, in Zhytomyr Oblast tried a priest of the UOC MP who called to support the occupiers.