What can be done to prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases (especially heart attack), how to recognize a heart attack and reduce the risk of recurrence? Read about it in the Ministry of Health’s publication for World Heart Day on the website Ukrainian Information Service.
A heart attack (or infarction) is a blockage of the heart muscle due to the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) in the artery that feeds it, or a spasm. When blood flow to the heart stops, a heart attack occurs. The area of heart muscle supplied by this artery begins to die. The extent of damage to the heart muscle depends on the size of the area supplied by the blocked vessel and the time between the heart attack and the treatment.
The operation to expand the blood vessels of the heart and restore blood flow in them is called stenting. The sooner a person with a heart attack receives emergency care, the less damage to the heart will be. The optimal time is up to two hours.
How to recognize a heart attack?
Sometimes a heart attack has acute and intense manifestations. But most of them come on slowly and are accompanied by mild pain or discomfort. Here are some signs that should alert you, as they may indicate a heart attack:
- Sensation of pressure, compression, burning or pain in the middle of the chest. Such sensations do not pass for several minutes in a row or have a wavelike character: they pass and come back again.
- Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, back, neck, jaw or abdomen.
- Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
- A feeling of panic fear.
- Sudden weakness.
- Cold sweats, nausea or dizziness.
If you think you are having a heart attack, see a doctor right away. Find out how to get help for a heart attack during martial law this publication.
How to prevent a heart attack?
Usually, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases can be significantly reduced if you follow a healthy lifestyle and monitor your health. What can you do to prolong the life of your own heart?
- Don’t smoke and avoid second-hand smoke.
- Monitor your blood pressure. If it is high, see a doctor.
- Follow a balanced diet, reduce the consumption of foods high in saturated and trans fats, salt and added sugars.
- Do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week.
- Achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
- Control your blood sugar.
- See your doctor regularly.
- Follow the prescribed medication regimen.
Previously USIonline.com —